Bio Securityphp

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Implementing biosecurity on a poultry operation can prevent the introduction and spread of infectious diseases, including Avian Influenza. The biosecurity resources below are based on the Checklist for Self? Assessment of Implementing Poultry Biosecurity, which reflects the items included in the Standard E Biosecurity Principles within the National Poultry Improvement Plan, or NPIP, Official Program Standards.


Biosecurity refers to the measures and methods adopted to secure a disease-free environment for the profitability of the farm. It is reducing the chances of infection agents from coming into contact with poultry thus protecting the flock from infectious agents such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, parasites. 


Prevention of the entry of the pathogenic organism into poultry premises.

Reduction of microbial contamination of the surrounding area.

Total elimination of the pathogenic organisms presents within the premises. 



Help keep out diseases

Reduces the risks

Limits the spread of disease

Improves overall health of the flock

Reduces mortality losses

Improves profitability 





Bio Security Objective

Recommended Actions


Keep wild birds away from your chicken

  • Use kukunet to ensure that your poultry house effectively prevents wild birds.
  • Remove objects that attract wild birds such as feed, water, ponds and roosting places


Ensure clean water supply

  • Untreated water or any water storage that wild birds have access to is a major risk.  Use chlorinated or good quality deep bore water.
  • If rain/dam water must be used it should be filtered to remove sediments then treated eg. by adding chlorine to achieve a consistent level of 1-2 ppm at the drinker


Keep feed secure

  • Store feed and feed it out in a manner that avoids contamination from wild birds, rodents and other animals.


In the case of free range birds 


  • Prevent access to possible sources of standing water used by wild birds, eg. ponds, dams and creeks. 
  • Provide feed and water under shelters or in special feeders that deter mixing with wild birds


Don’t bring infection onto your property 


  • Wear clean overalls and footwear when entering anybody’s poultry areas
  • Always change into clean clothes after visiting someone else’s birds or property and before entering your own bird area
  • Purchase chicks of a known health status from a reputable breeder or producer
  • Avoid buying from markets or shows
  • Quarantine newly received birds for 6 weeks if possible
  • Restrict visitor access to bird areas
  • Keep a record of who goes where or handled what 
  • Do not share equipment with other bird keepers unless it has been thoroughly cleaned and disinfected
  • Use an all-in–all-out process if possible ie. replace all birds at the same time


Be vigilant  

  • Inspect birds daily.
  • Report unusual deaths or sickness promptly to your vet


Proper disposal of birds 


  • Dispose of dead birds promptly by bagging securely and using either weekly rubbish pick-up or by burying; prevent predation. 
  • Do not allow pets (dogs, cats etc) to have access to dead birds (wild or domestic). 


Maintain facilities  


  • Clean bird areas at least once a week.
  • Remove sand and grit from aviaries between batches and every few months for resident birds. 
  • Thoroughly clean concrete floors, walls and wire of aviaries and chicken coops by scrubbing down with detergent, drying and disinfecting – in that order. 
  • Clean and disinfect feed containers regularly


Good hygiene facilities. 


  • Routinely wash hands with soap and water after handling birds or maintaining
  • Wear gardening gloves or disposable gloves when handling sick or dead birds or maintaining facilities.


Vehicles entering the farm

spray with disinfectants 



place footbath at the entrance of every poultry  farm and it should have dissinfectant


If you observe unusual disease symptoms or unexpected deaths call your vet